Medical science has developed in leaps and bounds along with the advancement of technology and science, making striking advances in the field of IVF or infertility treatments. One of the greatest examples of such medical advances can be seen in IVF (intro vitro fertilization). It is a treatment or process that has enabled humanity to combat infertility. IVF is the advanced reproductive technology or a process that enables fertilization of an egg by bringing it into contact with the sperm outside the human body. Simply put, this process is basically about bringing the female ovum or ovum out of her body, fertilizing it using sperm, and then putting the fertilized egg back into the woman’s uterus.
These IVF or infertility treatments are also widely popular as ‘test tube baby’. These treatments enable women to reduce the level of infertility and combat infertility due to fallopian tube problems. It also helps eradicate male infertility due to deficient sperm quality through the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This technique increases the chance of fertilization by injecting the sperm directly into the egg. The recent studies show that the use of ICSI has effectively increased fertility chances through IVF. This technique can only be effective if both the egg cells and the sperm cells are healthy and future-proof. Therefore, it is necessary to rule out the possibility of genetic disorders through pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD).
The commonly used techniques used in IVF or infertility treatments are transvaginal egg removal (OCR) and embryo transfer. In the OCR technique or medical procedure, a small needle is injected all the way through the back of the vagina into the ovarian follicles to collect the fluid containing the eggs. This whole procedure is done with the help of ultrasound. This is the case with the embryo transfer procedure in which one or more embryos are placed in the female uterus to increase the fertility level and the chance of fertilization. Other such infertility treatments are Assisted Zona Hatching (AZH), Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT), etc.
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Moreover, there are also other options like egg donor, sperm donor and surrogate mothers that can eradicate the problems of infertility. It also helps eradicate male infertility due to deficient sperm quality through the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This technique increases the chance of fertilization by injecting the sperm directly into the egg. The recent studies show that the use of ICSI has effectively increased fertility chances through IVF.