Atlanta (Pajhwok, 9 Could 1401): The Workplace of the Particular Inspector Basic for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) has revealed the explanations for the collapse of Afghanistan’s safety forces in its newest report.
In accordance with Voice of America information; This report, which was revealed yesterday on the eighth of Kab, SIGAR, along with its analysis and findings, has interviewed greater than 40 former army and political officers of Afghanistan and the USA, particularly within the final two years of the republican system. The main target is on the scenario of Afghanistan’s safety forces.
The SIGAR report acknowledged that the “last-minute” “huge reshuffle” of Afghanistan’s safety companies by former Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, particularly from March to June 2021, was what It weakened the unity and morale of Afghanistan’s safety and protection forces and finally made them incapable of preventing towards the Taliban.
Sources added that whereas the safety scenario in Afghanistan was quickly deteriorating in 2021, President Ashraf Ghani was busy with the change of the nation’s safety officers and sometimes appointed Gholzi Pashtuns to those positions.
In accordance with the SIGAR report, Ghani’s intensive adjustments within the final two years of the republic led to the politicization and ethnicization of Afghanistan’s safety sector in favor of the Pashtuns.
In accordance with SIGAR’s report, the rivalry between Pashtuns and non-Pashtuns brought on by former President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and the previous head of the Supreme Peace Council, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, is without doubt one of the greatest causes for the failure of Afghanistan’s safety and protection forces. It’s referred to as “supply”.
Within the SIGAR report, the previous commander of Afghanistan’s particular forces, Basic Alizi, stated in regards to the variations in Afghanistan’s safety forces: “One group within the nationwide military was Soviet-era educated officers and generals who The title was identified. ”
In accordance with him: “They weren’t proud of the presence of America in Afghanistan. One other group was the Mujahideen who by no means spoke to the leaders. The ability was with the Mujahideen, however the workplace was run by the superiors as a result of they’d a little bit extra schooling, and the third one was a brand new technology of officers like me who have been educated by America.
An professional named Taimur Sharan instructed SIGAR that the districts in Afghanistan weren’t gained by the Taliban as a result of the military didn’t battle, however due to the change within the safety forces.
He stated, “Within the final 18 months, a lot of the preventing was not finished by the military however by the police.
Nonetheless, the political legitimacy and morale of the police weakened because of the change within the structure, which instantly led to the collapse of the republic in 2021.
On the identical time, SIGAR says their findings present that a very powerful issue within the collapse of Afghanistan’s safety forces in August 2021 was the choice by the President of the USA, Joe Biden, to withdraw all American forces and contractors from Afghanistan. As a result of the protection and safety forces of Afghanistan didn’t have the flexibility to guard themselves.
A former commander of the US Military additionally instructed SIGAR that Afghanistan’s safety forces have been in-built such a means that they might not survive with out the help of contractors, and as quickly as this help was eliminated, additionally they disappeared.
Former Afghan military generals have additionally instructed SIGAR that by 2021, when US contractors go away Afghanistan, 60 % of Blackhawk helicopters will not be flying, which means Afghan troops shall be unable to ship provides to distant outposts. They have been disadvantaged of their ammunition, and so they have been dying because of the lack of medical companies.
Doha Settlement :
The SIGAR report additionally acknowledged that the Taliban and the USA in Doha, the capital of Qatar The Center Peace Settlement and the announcement of America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan after this settlement weakened the morale of Afghanistan’s safety and protection forces.
Some Afghan officers referred to as this work the “catalyst” of the autumn. A former Afghan commander instructed SIGAR that the psychological impact of the Doha Settlement was so nice on the safety forces that a few of them accepted offers and affords in return for surrendering to the Taliban.
This commander stated: “After the signing of the Doha Settlement, the Afghan troopers knew that they weren’t the winners of the battle.”
Instantly after the Doha settlement, the American forces stationed in Afghanistan stopped supporting the Afghan safety forces and stopped airstrikes towards the Taliban.
Ghani’s mistrust of the safety forces and the US:
After the signing of the peace settlement between the Taliban and the USA in Doha, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani started to be suspicious of the USA. Ghani suspected that America was eradicating him from energy.
A former Afghan basic stated that Ashraf Ghani was afraid that there can be a army coup towards him.
Basic Sami Sadat instructed SIGAR about this, “Ghani has turn out to be such a president that everybody suspected.” He’s afraid of his countrymen and the Afghan officers who have been educated by America.
In accordance with the SIGAR report, just some weeks earlier than the autumn of Kabul, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, as an alternative of the younger Afghan officers who have been educated by the USA, selected the generals who served within the former Soviet Union. . Ghani did this as a result of he referred to as former officers loyal to him as an alternative of younger officers.